The fundamental human needs that can be readily be applied to hygiene, health, food and housing is a science called petrochemistry. Petrochemicals are chemicals that are derive from natural gas and petroleum. Today, petrochemicals are an important part in the chemical industry. Although, petrochemistry is a reasonably young industry at present it is expected to develop and grow faster. Petrochemistry began in the 1940s after nearly 80 years later of the first drilling of the commercial oil well which was in 1859. Petrochemical industry was developed in to a major player in economy and society today because of the demand for synthetic materials that needed to replace costly and less efficiently products during the Second World War.
Petrochemicals were used before as an experimental unit starting with basic materials such as rubber and then plastic and so on. Today, it has moved into variety of different areas such as from house hold goods like furniture, kitchen appliance and equipments, textiles etc; to leisure products and wear like computers, laptops, running shoes and so on; to medicines like transfusion bags, heart pacemaker etc. now petrochemicals are also used in highly specialized sectors like crime detection and archeology.
Petrochemistry can be seen in everyday commodities but however few understand the relation between the final product and petrochemical industry. That is because petrochemicals undergo several transformations from its initial raw material before it reaches a consumer. The processes of crude oil are turned into petrochemical and then the petrochemicals are used in the products of the consumer. Petrochemistry has created many devices and products to make our lives safer, easier and more comfortable today. Most petrochemical company or plant are located near oil producing and oil refining centers or sometimes near natural gas sources and pipeline transmissions.
Petrochemical company in Singapore uses advance and modern technology, which has high pressures and temperatures that requires sophisticated equipments and engineering in order to efficiently use energy.
The chemicals that produces petrochemicals using the major raw materials that is oil and natural gas in the petrochemical industry, holds an important position in the manufacturing and consumer sectors. Hydrocarbons are primarily composed from natural gas and oil. Petrochemicals mostly contain hydrogen or carbon or both these elements. These two chemicals found in petrochemicals can help create and convert many industrial and consumer products in many industries.
Products like rubber, plastic, paints, detergents, fertilizers, dyes, textiles, kitchen appliances and solvents. The petrochemical industry consists of two main divisions. The first division being the primary petrochemical industry, this industry produces basic chemicals like ethylene taken from natural gas or oil. Whereas the second division is the secondary petrochemical industry which converts the basic produced petrochemicals into materials that then can be directly used by many other industries.